BULLYING RESOURCE CENTER

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BULLYING STATISTICS

One out of every five (20.2%) students report being bullied at school. Bullied students reported that bullying occurred in the following places: the hallway or stairwell at school (43%), inside the classroom (42%), in the cafeteria (27%), outside on school grounds (22%), online or by text (15%), in the bathroom or locker room (12%), and on the school bus (8%).

Students who experience bullying are at increased risk for depression, anxiety, sleep difficulties, lower academic achievement, and dropping out of school. Bullied students indicate that bullying has a negative effect on how they feel about themselves (27%), their relationships with friends and family (19%), their school work (19%), and physical health (14%). Students who are both targets of bullying and engage in bullying behavior are at greater risk for both mental health and behavior problems than students who only bully or are only bullied.

 

National Center for Educational Statistics, 2019

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Bullying General Info

Nearly every state has introduced or enacted bullying legislation that mandates school districts to intervene or prevent persistent, pervasive and/or severe acts of bullying action. Three training courses provide clear methods and procedures to meet those legal requirements and practical tools that participants implement to prevent and neutralize the effects of bullying. The interaction of human dynamics and defined legal requirements are combined to provide resolution of day to day issues and policy requirements that will create a safe and productive environment. Onsite, Online or Video material is delivered with quality, interactivity and in-depth coverage.

Get more in depth information here.

What is Bullying?

 

Definitions commonly include the concept of willful repeated acts intended to harm a victim. Bullying is not merely horseplay or teasing. The intent is to harm. Such intent is often the social norm, for example, “jocks” picking on “nerds” or cliques targeting a student for ridicule, isolation and exclusion. Usually, power is distributed unequally between the victim and the perpetrator(s). A survey by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that 10,000 children stayed home from school at least once a month because they feared bullies. Half the children surveyed said they were bullied once a week.

 

 

Through The Victim’s Lens

 

In defining bullying, the focus should be on the impact the behavior is having on the target. This direction has been well developed in illegal harassment law and successfully narrows the field of harassment so that it does not include every type of incivility.

Better policy language will include the McGrath 5-point Criteria, which I have assembled based on case and statutory law. Focusing on the actions taken, it determines those actions are:

  1. Not accidental and are the cause of harm

  2. Unwelcomed

  3. Severe, persistent or pervasive; and

  4. Have resulted in an unreasonable interference with the opportunity to receive an education.

  5. That interference is unreasonable as determined by the subjective reaction of the victim as well as by the reaction of a “reasonable person similarly situated” to the victim.

 

Notice that none of the legal criteria deal with what the bully’s intent may have been. It all focuses on the target and the impact on him or her.

“hey, dork!”By Gayle Forman Whoever said names can't hurt you obviously didn't know how it feels to be on the wrong side of a mean clique. For those of you who are hassled, harangued, harassed, or just plain left out at school, here are some ways to deal and heal. more…

Bullying: A Safety Issue

 

We define bullying as repeated and systematic abuse and harassment of another. Bullying and ridiculing conduct includes name calling, mimicking, indifference and exclusion, invasions of personal space, inappropriate touching, physical violence (hitting, kicking, pushing, shoving), gender and sex based bullying, and extortion.

 

What distinguishes bullying from horseplay is the intent to harm Usually, power is distributed unequally between the victim and the perpetrator(s). A survey by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that 10,000 children stayed home from school at least once a month because they feared bullies. Half the children surveyed said they were bullied once a week.

 

 

Bullying: A Legal Issue

 

Liability for bullying is becoming an increasingly worrisome issue for school districts across the United States. Parents are holding school districts civilly responsible for investigating and intervening in incidents of bullying. And the courts are backing them up, holding both schools districts and individual employees liable for failing to stop the bullying through education, intervention and investigation. Bullying which takes the form of assault or battery is prohibited by state criminal law. Schools must have a policy that outlines detecting and investigating incidents, rumors and complaints and for remedying each situation. Educators and staff must be trained to identify the warning signs that bullying is taking place. Site administrators, counselors and others who receive complaints from students, parents and staff must know exactly how to proceed if the district is to protect students from harm and to protect itself from liability.

Important to Know

The US Department of Education and Office of Civil Rights has alerted schools that:

  • Student misconduct that falls under an anti-bullying policy also may trigger responsibilities under one or more of the anti-discrimination statutes enforced by OCR.

  • 
A school must take immediate and appropriate action to investigate or otherwise determine what occurred.


 

  • Governmental regulations and school policies tell you what to do. McGrath programs support educators to tell you specifically how to comply with the requirements of regulatory and board policies.  

 

Learn how to do what you must do to protect students from harm and your district from liability.

Research

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NCES

Results From the 2017 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey

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CDC

Preventing Bullying Factsheet 2019

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OCR

Dear Colleague Letter: Harassment and Bullying 2010

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Research

Student Bullying: Overview of Research, Federal Initiatives, and Legal Issues, 2013

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Bullying & Suicide

What we know and what it means for schools 2014

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Meta Analysis

Bullying prevalence, cyber and traditional

2014

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